All About Financial Assets

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All About Financial Assets

About the Course

All About Financial Assets

What’s the difference between a bond and a stock? An index and an ETF? And what on earth is a forex pair?


Course Lessons

What’s the difference between a bond and a stock? An index and an ETF? And what on earth is a forex pair?

    Additional Reading

    All About Financial Assets

    • What Every Trader Should Know About Trading the EUR/USD

    • What Every Trader Should Know About Trading the USD/JPY

      USD/JPY has a special status in global forex trading as a major currency pair. Before you trade USD/JPY, find out what drives movements in this particular currency pair.

    • What Every Trader Should Know About Trading the GBP/USD

      Understanding the fundamentals that drive the British Pound’s exchange rate versus the U.S. Dollar can significantly enhance your performance when you trade GBP/USD.

    • What Every Trader Should Know About Trading the USD/CHF

      The USD/CHF currency pair is one of the most actively traded in the forex market. Being aware of the driving forces behind the Swiss currency when you trade USD/CHF can significantly improve your success.

    • All About Trading Currency Cross Rates

      The trending nature of currency cross rates can be used advantageously in currency trading. Discover more about it with Queensway.

    • How the Blockchain Works

      A clear and understandable explanation of the blockchain and what makes it impregnable... almost.

    • Seeking Satoshi – the Man Behind the Coin

      In 2009, a person calling himself Satoshi Nakamoto turned the financial world on its head by introducing the first peer-to-peer payment network - the starting shot in the race for a new economy.

    • Trickling Down - Forking Out

      Queensway looks at some of the offshoots of the Bitcoin revolution – other coins, the increasing rate of crowdfunding and ICOs as an investment tool.

    • How to Trade Commodities – A Brief Guide

      Trading commodities is extremely popular. Queensway will introduce you to this lucrative market and guide you on getting started as a commodity trader.

    • What is a Commodity?

      Trading commodities is an investment strategy in which a Trader buys or sells goods. This profitable market is one of the foundations of global trading.

    • Why Trade Commodities?

      In this article we will discuss the various benefits of trading commodities in comparison with other financial derivatives and assets.

    • Futures Trading for Newbies

      The futures market is a highly liquid market, offering investors the opportunity to make huge profits and to diversify their portfolios.

    • Commodity Trading Fees

      When choosing a trading brokerage, it is important to compare commission rates. In this article, we’ll explain how these work.

    • The Various Commodity Exchanges

      Find out how some of the major commodity exchanges, such as the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and the Tokyo Commodity Exchange evolved both in name and in policy over time.

    • Why Trade Stocks?

      Stock trading has several advantages over the “buy and hold” approach, some of which we will discuss in this article.

    • 5 Golden Rules of Stock Trading

      Prepare yourself for stock trading with these 5 Golden Rules. Get to know share prices and do your best when trading the stock exchange.

    • Know the Basics: Stock Trading Jargon

      Stock market jargon is important for an investor to know in order to understand published stock market reports and statistics as well as company data.

    • The Basics of Stock Market Trading

      Trading stocks and investing in them are two totally different things. This article looks at some of the differences.

    • How to Buy and Sell a Stock

      Buying and selling shares requires groundwork and reflection on your risk appetite for investing in the stock market.

    • Stock Trading - Using an Online Stock Broker vs a Personal Broker

      Using a traditional personal stock broker or an online broker depends on your abilities to trade on your own. Discover the differences with Queensway.

    • The History of the Stock Exchange

      From their humble beginnings in the coffee houses of London, stock exchanges have transitioned from physical centres where stock is exchanged, to the super computers and the electronic exchange of stocks and shares.

    • What is an Index – An In-Depth Guide

      What is an index? In our article, we elaborate on this term and what role it plays in the stock market. Read more with Queensway.

    • Why Trade Indices?

      Trading stock indices enables the investor to passively manage his portfolio whilst lowering transaction and management costs.

    • How to Trade Indices

      Trading indices is a form of investing that has low costs because it uses passive management as its main tenant.

    • A word about the NYSE

      The New York Stock Exchange is the world’s largest stock and derivatives market. Read here to find out about the history and inner workings of the NYSE.

    • A Word About the Major European Stock Exchanges

      Have you ever traded on the London stock exchange? How about Euronext, the Amsterdam stock exchange, the Paris Bourse or the Brussels stock exchange? Branch out your trading.

    • A Word About the Major Asian Stock Exchanges

      Vary your trading by going to Asia: Trade on the Bombay Stock Exchange, the Shanghai Stock Exchange or the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

    • Is Indices trading right for me?

      Indices trading is right for the trader who doesn’t want to spend valuable time in doing fundamental and technical analysis.

    • What Are Bonds

      Ever since England issued the first government bonds in the 18th Century, these financial assets have become the instrument of choice for funds and investors wishing to maintain the value of their savings. Find out what bonds are and how to trade them.

    • It’s Also Corporate

      Most online investors find themselves immersed in government bonds, simply because these are the ones usually offered by online brokers. However, corporate bonds are just as attractive.

    • Tips for Trading on the BEL20

      To mitigate the potential risk volatility of the Bel20, index an investor can trade an exchange traded funds strategy which is called pair trading.

    • A Bitcoin Guide – Buying the Popular Cryptocurrency

      What are the best cryptos to invest in? How do you buy Bitcoin? Read this Bitcoin guide from Queensway to learn more about investing in BTC.

    • Emerging Markets and Commodities Boom

      Read up on the rise of third world countries emerging markets and how those countries have affected the price movement of various commodities.

    • How to Invest in the Right Sector

      When choosing a sector to invest in, it is important to spread your portfolio between defensive sectors and cyclical sectors.

    • Everything You Need to Know About Digital Wallets

      Looking for a wallet to store your Bitcoin? With over 32 million bitcoin wallets out there, Queensway provides a list of crypto wallets so you can get a better idea of which best suits your currency needs.

    • Bitcoin and Blockchain

      The cryptocurrency market keeps spinning hundreds of billions of dollars on a daily basis. Time to understand the blockchain?











    Introduction to financial markets (5 lessons)

    • What Are Financial Markets?

      Welcome to the Queensway Academy, and welcome to financial markets. Now is an especially thrilling time to be involved in the world’s money markets, as socio-political upheavals rock the boats of economic stability. With cryptos threatening to undermine the entire monetary system, the markets are on the battlefields and opportunities abound.

      In this short video, we will explain what financial markets are, how they differ from any other kind of market and how they are similar. We will show you how they came about and why, and we’ll try to give you a rough idea of how you too can become a part of the excitement.

    • What Are Derivatives

      More exciting than trading in the assets themselves, derivatives offer a wider world of opportunities and complexities to retail traders, thanks to their flexibility and lower entry threshold. In this lesson, we discover the fascinating histories behind options, futures and CFDs, and gain a deeper understanding of how they work.

      Learn about options in Ancient Greece, futures contracts among the Dutch, and the danger of crossing swords with a Samurai. Find out how a pair of upstart brokers in 1990s London created Contracts for Difference, and how these became one of the most popular trading instruments in the world today.

    • What are CFDs?

      A Contract for Difference is a contract to exchange cash flows upon the expiration of the contract. Originally designed to enable the takeover of a British real estate giant by its Hong Kong associate (without paying taxes), the CFD’s popularity stems from its simplicity, flexibility and its being a leveraged product.

      Many online brokers today offer leveraged trading on CFDs using online platforms that place the trader in the driver’s seat. The responsibility is great; but for those prepared to do the work and develop their abilities, the potential for reward is greater.

    • Investing, Trading and going Blind

      The biggest difference between investing, trading and going blind is “knowledge”. At what point does trading become investing? What are the time-term differences, the goals and the techniques? And how important is homework? And how much do you need to know about an asset to succeed? About the market? And about yourself!

    • How to Manage Risk

      As a trader, managing risk is what so often separates success from failure. Learn to manage your risk/reward ratio. Find out how to diversify your portfolio and successfully hedge your investments. But more important, discover how learning to curb your emotions can spread out from your trading activities and into your life in general. For, how you recognize fear and greed in yourself can be a boon in recognizing those same emotions in the market, as they guide asset prices up and down.

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    All About Financial Assets (7 lessons)

    • What is Forex?

      At well over 6 billion dollars in daily volume, forex is clearly the market to trade. It encompasses nearly everything else – nations importing commodities, investors buying shares, loans, taxes – the entire money market! Find out what exactly we mean when we say forex (foreign exchange) and what precisely we’re investing in when we join the forex market.

    • What are Crypto-Currencies?

      This lesson is dedicated to all those who missed the Bitcoin surge in 2017, when it went from pizza-price to bullion in a matter of months. What’s behind the Cryptocurrency fervour? Why are central bankers and politicians so scared of this new monetary world order? And who is Satoshi Nakamoto, anyhow?

    • How to trade Commodities

      Although the first trade in history was certainly of commodities, there is often confusion as to what constitutes a commodity. Here, we examine how a physical asset becomes a commodity. We’ll examine how commodities are traded and using what units. What influences their prices and what opportunities exist for those wishing to speculate on commodity derivatives?

    • The Wonderful World of Shares

      Forex may be huge, but shares are sexy. The backroom brawls of high-power individuals fighting for control over huge conglomerates make for Hollywood classics. For us, they’re a chance to invest in the long-term, to partake in the success of corporate adventure and create a portfolio. What are shares, how do they work, and how do we take a bite?

    • What is an Index?

      Like the index of a book, a stock index is a listing of shares on an exchange. We add to that a measure of the market – usually an average of one kind or the other of the exchange’s leading stocks. The result is a mathematical construct that cannot – in itself – be traded. Luckily, ETFs, CFDs and various funds track indexes. These, we can invest in. Learn the whats and the hows, here.

    • What are Bonds?

      Soon after kings and bishops discovered they could have their riches and spend them too, by creating currencies, they learned they could amass debt without paying it off …

      Enter the Bond!

      Since then, the market for corporate and government bonds has thrived. Discover how you too can receive a monthly income and get your money back when the bond matures. Or else, simply trade bond CFDs. Find out how.

    • What is an ETF?

      The world’s first investment fund appeared in the US soon after the War of Independence. “Subscribers” invested in a basket of assets, usually delineated by their purpose (pension funds), management style (mutual funds) or composition. This latter gave rise to the Exchange Traded Fund, to which members did not necessarily subscribe, but – rather – traded in an exchange.

      Today, ETFs are nearly as popular an asset for long-term investors as are government bonds. Find out why.

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    Terms of the Trade (6 lessons)

    • What is a Pip?

      Computing the bottom line in forex is complicated.

      The value of a forex pair equals the value of the counter-currency compared to a single unit of the main currency; you need to translate that to your account currency; and it’s all done in pips – a hundredth of a cent, except in yen pairs. Still, it’s the trade’s basic unit, so you NEED to master it.

    • What is a Tick?

      A tick (not a pip, surprisingly enough) is the smallest tradeable unit for a specific asset. For forex that’s indeeda pip. But don’t let that lead you to any conclusions. Ticks and points are everywhere, especially in commodities and indexes. It pays to master them.

    • What are Lots?

      In traditional societies, communally owned land would be distributed by drawing lots – a form of divination to decide matters based on the random drawing of a strand of straw or a pebble from a large quantity of these. One’s “lot in life” was dependent upon one’s choice(s). In financial trading, a lot is also a large quantity, in this case, the size of a trading contract. In forex, this is 100,000 currency-pair units, in shares – 100 shares, in most grains – 5,000 bushels (35 litres, 50 lbs).

    • All about Bids, Asks and Spreads

      Most people who have been abroad are acquainted with bids, asks and spreads, even if they’ve never actually heard the terms. When changing money at a local “bureau de change”, many money changers, especially those who charge low to no commissions, have a 3-column notice board displaying the central bank rate of exchange, and – on either side – the price you’ll PAY for local currency and what you’ll GET for local currency when you return home. Find out how that all works in online trading… and a whole lot more.

    • The Difference between Margin and Leverage

      Margin and leverage are what make online trading so attractive, exciting and – yes – risky. Understanding the relationship between the two, the importance of used and free margin, the implications of a margin call and more – do not venture in without making perfectly sure you understand these all.

    • The Difference between Balance and Equity

      In leveraged online trading, it’s not so much, how much you HAVE but how much you’re WORTH. What’s your EQUITY! That’s why it’s important to know how to calculate the bottom line at any given moment – open positions, profits and losses, and all. Gain a deeper understanding of how leveraged trading works and what your money has been up to (hint – it’s still in your account).

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    The Basics of Trading (7 lessons)

    • Charting the Trade

      Charts are simply a visual way of presenting numerical or quantitative information you’d otherwise have to digest as numbers. In finance, they tell us when prices are going up or down and where they’re undecided. Learn to read line charts, bar charts and the ever-popular candlestick charts – developed hundreds of years ago by Japanese rice merchants.

    • Trading Platforms Explained

      While the rest of the world was reeling from the bubble as the millennium turned, a group of Russian high-tech experts realized that the financial world was on the edge of a revolution. Since then, MetaTrader has become the industry standard on online trading – setting the standards and even serving as a benchmark for a multitude of online ‘competitors’. Discover what’s behind the bells and whistles, and how easy it is to master the art of trading platforms.

    • Going Long and Short

      Long and short – the financier’s method of buying before selling or (strangely) selling before buying is at the basis of every transaction in the derivatives market. What happens when you buy a losing proposition and make money? How can you sell something you don’t yet own without getting people angry? This and more in this educational video.

    • What are Market Orders

      Perhaps the most important element of every trade is timing – when to enter a trade and when to exit it. Market orders, once barked over the phone in the hopes that your broker would carry them out to the letter, are now applied by the trader him/herself. Stop loss, take profit, trailing stops, kill or fill, OCOs, stops and limits – all these are terms that need to be mastered to stay safe. Time to start learning.

    • The Trading Day and Overnight Swaps

      When you’re selling, it’s all about location; when you’re buying – opportunity. When you’re trading, timing is of the essence. And because markets are open virtually around the clock, timing is usually the difference between profit and loss. When are markets the liveliest? When is a commodity futures contract about to expire? And what’s the cost of keeping a position open overnight? All these and more in this lesson on an entirely different kind of day – the trading day!

    • A Word on Long-term Investing

      The main difference between long-term investing and short-term trading is the composition of your portfolio and the timeframes within which you monitor your P/L. Consequently, the difference between ‘long’ and ‘short’ is often merely semantic – where does one draw the line? In keeping with that thesis, let’s look at the (objectively) longest term one can employ: investing for one’s retirement.

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    Financial Analysis (4 lessons)

    • An Introduction to Financial Analysis

      Financial analysis is the art of delving into the fundamental data that makes up an asset’s fundamental data, whether it’s a company’s sectorial environment or a currency’s political machinations. Anything beyond that is sentiment and market forces rocking the boat.

    • About Fundamental Analysis

      Financial analysis is the art of delving into the fundamental data that makes up an asset’s fundamental data, whether it’s a company’s sectorial environment or a currency’s political machinations. Anything beyond that is sentiment and market forces rocking the boat.

    • The Economic Calendar

      So important is timing to the trader that fundamentalists even have their own calendar – it’s a calendar of events and compiling it is a mountain-moving endeavour, since it encompasses all the economic announcements (government & central bank-supplied, as well as polls and studies carried out by major research firms) from all the countries in the world.

    • Analysing Shares

      The equivalent of an economic calendar for shares is the timetable of economic announcements – dividends, shareholder conference calls, and the always lurking quarterly earnings reports. Beyond these, a company’s financials, its personnel makeup and its environment are in the public domain. Make the most of what’s available (and it’s a lot) before investing.

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    Technical Analysis (6 lessons)

    • What is Technical Analysis

      Most traders who gather up the courage to overcome their fear of numbers are surprised at how much easier technical analysis is than fundamental. Although the basic language unit is numbers, not words, it’s easier to apply – simply click on the mouse and hit “OK”!

    • About Support & Resistance

      As with gravity, support and resistance in finance are everywhere – they’re an upshot of market forces: supply and demand, buy and sell, cheap and expensive, cookies and cream. Mastering the market sentiment that gravitates towards either one generates the push and pull of trading success.

    • All about Trends

      The moment the term ‘economy’ graduated from the realm of household management to national wealth management, theorists began speaking of ‘cycles’ – whether these be Marx’s business cycles, Juglar’s economic cycles or Elliot’s market cycles. Dow mentioned markets moving in trends, and those are the topic of this lesson.

    • Wicks & Candlesticks

      Now that we’ve laid down the basis, let’s start looking at how trends and forces are represented in candlestick charts – those multi-layered shapes invented by Japanese rice merchants hundreds of years ago to help them speculate on the bread and butter of Samurai existence.

    • The Connection between Volume & Momentum

      There’s often some confusion about volume and momentum in financial markets. Like in physics, though, the higher the volume, the stronger the momentum. If a mountain weighs tons, you’ll need armies of bulldozers to move it. If everyone thinks a diamond is valuable, it will take an awful lot of persuasion to change everybody’s mind.

    • Evaluating Commitments & Sentiment

      Commitments and sentiments are actually a part of the fundamental trader’s toolbox. However, because, in financial markets, more depends upon the emotions and sentiments of traders than upon an asset’s inherent worth, it’s important to understand the units in which those emotions are measured: how many traders feel a certain way, and to what are they prepared to commit when monetizing those emotions. These are the first fundamental indicators that are making their way into the technician’s world through the newly developing science of sentiment analysis.

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    Technical Tools (4 lessons)

    • An Introduction to Indicators & Oscillators

      Technical indicators do much the same as economic indicators – they show what an asset’s up to… technically! By seeking past patterns in price evolution and extrapolating them on to the present, these indicators have the potential to give an indication of what may be in store in the future.

    • The Moving Average Convergence Divergence Indicator

      Also known as the MACD or Mac-D, this horrendously-named indicator is really quite straightforward – simply subtract one moving average from the other, and then apply a moving average to the result. The product reveals changes in the strength of direction and momentum – an excellent tool to predict trend shifts.

    • Pivoting Through the Pivot Points

      Pivot points are so popular that they exist, not only on the platform but in charts accessible through the web. Providing future targets along with different levels of support and resistance, many pros see them as signals in themselves.

    • The Magic of Fibonacci

      The Fibonacci sequence appears throughout nature and finance. In the words of Ned Beatty’s Arthur Jenson, they are a primal force of nature. This perhaps explains why traders swear by Fibonacci retracements, fans, arcs, extensions and time zones – a fascinating topic at the very least – and one well worth exploring!

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    Advanced Analysis (4 lessons)

    • Chart Patterns

      Now that we know how to find a pattern and extrapolate it into the future, it’s time to start learning about the patterns we’re seeking – their shapes and significance. From the simple flags and all the way to double bottoms – where’s that asset going?

    • Candlestick Patterns

      Candlesticks contain a wealth of information all on their own. Imagine how much more they divulge when grouped into patterns. Learn the complex stories behind the picturesque names.

    • Advanced Fibonacci

      Fibonacci works so well in financial analysis, it would have been a waste to confine it just to the retracements tool. Arcs and fans are just two more tools that help the trader identify the reversals and retracements found along a trend.

    • Elliott Waves & Gartley Patterns

      Perhaps the most fascinating development of the Fibonacci sequence is Ralph Nelson Elliot’s departure into the world of historical cycles and wave theory. A tool for the true trading aficionado – especially after HMGartley simplified the pattern.

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    Advanced Strategies (7 lessons)

    • What is Autotrading?

      From the simplest MQL script to the most complicated hi-frequency protocol, automating the trading process means divorcing the act from human emotions. Is this a good thing? Learn to write an expert advisor and decide for yourself.

    • Investing in Shares

      How do professional investors investigate a company? Where is the research data hidden – especially that which is supposed to be open to all? Learn the difference between revenue and profit, EPS and dividends, plus a whole lot more.

    • The Difference between Scalping & Arbitrage

      With much of today’s hi-frequency trading based on the art of arbitrage, it pays to understand what you’re up against. As for scalping – only if you have your wits about you.

    • How to Hedge Effectively

      When it comes to risk management, hedging is just as important as using a stop-loss, but much more fun. Learn to pick the best instrument to hedge your investments with, and how to implement a counter position.

    • Complex Trading Strategies

      Complex trading strategies usually involve the use of more than one technical indicator. Learn what happens when two distinct messages clash.

    • What are Vanilla Options

      When Thales first took out his famous options on the famous oil presses in the land, little did he realize how complex a tradition he was launching. And yet, options are so basic, so impeccable in their structure that they form the basis for insurance in all its manifestations.

    • Option Strategies

      As we conclude our trading academy, a quick sniff into the amazingly exciting world of vanilla options’ strategies is in order. Master these and you’re ready for the big time!

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    Trading Hints & Tips

    Regulation & Trading Safely

    Trading Psychology

    How to Trade

    Trading Forex

    Trading Oil & Gold

    Trading Cryptos

    Trading Stocks

    Trading Bonds

    Trading Tools

    Trading Glossary

    Market Analysis

    Educational Tools

    Reference Articles


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