Introduction to Financial Markets

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Introduction to Financial Markets

About the Course

Introduction to Financial Markets

Discover financial markets, how they developed, and how easy it is to trade them.

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Course Lessons

Discover financial markets, how they developed, and how easy it is to trade them.

    Additional Reading

    Introduction to Financial Markets

    • The Ins and Outs of Trading with Market Makers

      In the world of financial exchanges, market makers are “The House. Those owning a financial exchange are certainly not going to enact and enforce a code of regulations that results in losses.

    • How to Trade CFDs - The Essential Guide

      CFD trading does not involve the buying and selling of an asset but establishing a contract whereby one party pays the other the difference in an asset's price between the opening and closing of the contract.

    • Choosing Your Stock Broker

      The aim of this brief article is to provide you with some advice on how to choose your stock broker - online or traditional

    • OTC trading vs Exchange trading - What’s best for you?

      Among the most popular indicators for technical analysts, moving averages are one of the most widely used. Learn how to use moving averages with Queensway.

    • History of the Commodities Exchange

      Although there is some debate about the origins, most historians and economists agree that commodities exchanges evolved from Middle Ages' open-air markets and fairs. Look at them NOW.

    • Top 5 Investment Strategies

      Situations and conditions dictate trading strategy. The following investment strategies have been proven to make money but not without a thorough understanding of the market.

    • CFD Online Trading - How to Become an Independent Investor

      Want to succeed in CFD online trading but don’t know where to start? Read on to discover what CFDs are and how you can trade them.

    • How to Carry Out a CFD Trade

      The following article will provide you with the essentials and necessary steps to carry out a CFD trade, from their very definition to opening a trade.

    • How to Profit from CFDs

      This article will talk you through what CFDs are, their advantages and disadvantages and how those disadvantages and advantages can benefit you in the future.

    • Learning the Terminology

      Before you can open an account and start trading, it is crucial to understand the terminology involved. Review the following list before checking back and coming across each word.

    • The Basics of Trading Psychology

      Trading psychology is about reading market sentiment while controlling your emotions. Read on to discover the basics with QueenswayTrading psychology is about reading market sentiment while controlling your emotions. Read on to discover the basics with Queensway

    • 5 Golden Rules of Forex Trading

      Forex trading strategies can be as varied as the traders that implement them. Develop a trading strategy that best suits your needs, personality and preferences.

    • How Much Should I invest?

      The amount of money that you invest depends on two things. The time you have and the amount of spare money you have. Tread cautiously!

    • Choosing a CFD Broker

      This brief article guides you through what CFDs are, how to properly trade CFDs and what support you should be receiving from your broker.

    • Downside Risk Protection: The Stop Loss Order and Protective Put

      The stop loss order and protective put are ways to limit downside risk in trading. Discover more about the importance of risk protection with Queensway.

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    Courses

    Introduction to financial markets (5 lessons)

    • What Are Financial Markets?

      Welcome to the Queensway Academy, and welcome to financial markets. Now is an especially thrilling time to be involved in the world’s money markets, as socio-political upheavals rock the boats of economic stability. With cryptos threatening to undermine the entire monetary system, the markets are on the battlefields and opportunities abound.

      In this short video, we will explain what financial markets are, how they differ from any other kind of market and how they are similar. We will show you how they came about and why, and we’ll try to give you a rough idea of how you too can become a part of the excitement.

    • What Are Derivatives

      More exciting than trading in the assets themselves, derivatives offer a wider world of opportunities and complexities to retail traders, thanks to their flexibility and lower entry threshold. In this lesson, we discover the fascinating histories behind options, futures and CFDs, and gain a deeper understanding of how they work.

      Learn about options in Ancient Greece, futures contracts among the Dutch, and the danger of crossing swords with a Samurai. Find out how a pair of upstart brokers in 1990s London created Contracts for Difference, and how these became one of the most popular trading instruments in the world today.

    • What are CFDs?

      A Contract for Difference is a contract to exchange cash flows upon the expiration of the contract. Originally designed to enable the takeover of a British real estate giant by its Hong Kong associate (without paying taxes), the CFD’s popularity stems from its simplicity, flexibility and its being a leveraged product.

      Many online brokers today offer leveraged trading on CFDs using online platforms that place the trader in the driver’s seat. The responsibility is great; but for those prepared to do the work and develop their abilities, the potential for reward is greater.

    • Investing, Trading and going Blind

      The biggest difference between investing, trading and going blind is “knowledge”. At what point does trading become investing? What are the time-term differences, the goals and the techniques? And how important is homework? And how much do you need to know about an asset to succeed? About the market? And about yourself!

    • How to Manage Risk

      As a trader, managing risk is what so often separates success from failure. Learn to manage your risk/reward ratio. Find out how to diversify your portfolio and successfully hedge your investments. But more important, discover how learning to curb your emotions can spread out from your trading activities and into your life in general. For, how you recognize fear and greed in yourself can be a boon in recognizing those same emotions in the market, as they guide asset prices up and down.

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    All About Financial Assets (7 lessons)

    • What is Forex?

      At well over 6 billion dollars in daily volume, forex is clearly the market to trade. It encompasses nearly everything else – nations importing commodities, investors buying shares, loans, taxes – the entire money market! Find out what exactly we mean when we say forex (foreign exchange) and what precisely we’re investing in when we join the forex market.

    • What are Crypto-Currencies?

      This lesson is dedicated to all those who missed the Bitcoin surge in 2017, when it went from pizza-price to bullion in a matter of months. What’s behind the Cryptocurrency fervour? Why are central bankers and politicians so scared of this new monetary world order? And who is Satoshi Nakamoto, anyhow?

    • How to trade Commodities

      Although the first trade in history was certainly of commodities, there is often confusion as to what constitutes a commodity. Here, we examine how a physical asset becomes a commodity. We’ll examine how commodities are traded and using what units. What influences their prices and what opportunities exist for those wishing to speculate on commodity derivatives?

    • The Wonderful World of Shares

      Forex may be huge, but shares are sexy. The backroom brawls of high-power individuals fighting for control over huge conglomerates make for Hollywood classics. For us, they’re a chance to invest in the long-term, to partake in the success of corporate adventure and create a portfolio. What are shares, how do they work, and how do we take a bite?

    • What is an Index?

      Like the index of a book, a stock index is a listing of shares on an exchange. We add to that a measure of the market – usually an average of one kind or the other of the exchange’s leading stocks. The result is a mathematical construct that cannot – in itself – be traded. Luckily, ETFs, CFDs and various funds track indexes. These, we can invest in. Learn the whats and the hows, here.

    • What are Bonds?

      Soon after kings and bishops discovered they could have their riches and spend them too, by creating currencies, they learned they could amass debt without paying it off …

      Enter the Bond!

      Since then, the market for corporate and government bonds has thrived. Discover how you too can receive a monthly income and get your money back when the bond matures. Or else, simply trade bond CFDs. Find out how.

    • What is an ETF?

      The world’s first investment fund appeared in the US soon after the War of Independence. “Subscribers” invested in a basket of assets, usually delineated by their purpose (pension funds), management style (mutual funds) or composition. This latter gave rise to the Exchange Traded Fund, to which members did not necessarily subscribe, but – rather – traded in an exchange.

      Today, ETFs are nearly as popular an asset for long-term investors as are government bonds. Find out why.

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    Terms of the Trade (6 lessons)

    • What is a Pip?

      Computing the bottom line in forex is complicated.

      The value of a forex pair equals the value of the counter-currency compared to a single unit of the main currency; you need to translate that to your account currency; and it’s all done in pips – a hundredth of a cent, except in yen pairs. Still, it’s the trade’s basic unit, so you NEED to master it.

    • What is a Tick?

      A tick (not a pip, surprisingly enough) is the smallest tradeable unit for a specific asset. For forex that’s indeeda pip. But don’t let that lead you to any conclusions. Ticks and points are everywhere, especially in commodities and indexes. It pays to master them.

    • What are Lots?

      In traditional societies, communally owned land would be distributed by drawing lots – a form of divination to decide matters based on the random drawing of a strand of straw or a pebble from a large quantity of these. One’s “lot in life” was dependent upon one’s choice(s). In financial trading, a lot is also a large quantity, in this case, the size of a trading contract. In forex, this is 100,000 currency-pair units, in shares – 100 shares, in most grains – 5,000 bushels (35 litres, 50 lbs).

    • All about Bids, Asks and Spreads

      Most people who have been abroad are acquainted with bids, asks and spreads, even if they’ve never actually heard the terms. When changing money at a local “bureau de change”, many money changers, especially those who charge low to no commissions, have a 3-column notice board displaying the central bank rate of exchange, and – on either side – the price you’ll PAY for local currency and what you’ll GET for local currency when you return home. Find out how that all works in online trading… and a whole lot more.

    • The Difference between Margin and Leverage

      Margin and leverage are what make online trading so attractive, exciting and – yes – risky. Understanding the relationship between the two, the importance of used and free margin, the implications of a margin call and more – do not venture in without making perfectly sure you understand these all.

    • The Difference between Balance and Equity

      In leveraged online trading, it’s not so much, how much you HAVE but how much you’re WORTH. What’s your EQUITY! That’s why it’s important to know how to calculate the bottom line at any given moment – open positions, profits and losses, and all. Gain a deeper understanding of how leveraged trading works and what your money has been up to (hint – it’s still in your account).

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    The Basics of Trading (7 lessons)

    • Charting the Trade

      Charts are simply a visual way of presenting numerical or quantitative information you’d otherwise have to digest as numbers. In finance, they tell us when prices are going up or down and where they’re undecided. Learn to read line charts, bar charts and the ever-popular candlestick charts – developed hundreds of years ago by Japanese rice merchants.

    • Trading Platforms Explained

      While the rest of the world was reeling from the dot.com bubble as the millennium turned, a group of Russian high-tech experts realized that the financial world was on the edge of a revolution. Since then, MetaTrader has become the industry standard on online trading – setting the standards and even serving as a benchmark for a multitude of online ‘competitors’. Discover what’s behind the bells and whistles, and how easy it is to master the art of trading platforms.

    • Going Long and Short

      Long and short – the financier’s method of buying before selling or (strangely) selling before buying is at the basis of every transaction in the derivatives market. What happens when you buy a losing proposition and make money? How can you sell something you don’t yet own without getting people angry? This and more in this educational video.

    • What are Market Orders

      Perhaps the most important element of every trade is timing – when to enter a trade and when to exit it. Market orders, once barked over the phone in the hopes that your broker would carry them out to the letter, are now applied by the trader him/herself. Stop loss, take profit, trailing stops, kill or fill, OCOs, stops and limits – all these are terms that need to be mastered to stay safe. Time to start learning.

    • The Trading Day and Overnight Swaps

      When you’re selling, it’s all about location; when you’re buying – opportunity. When you’re trading, timing is of the essence. And because markets are open virtually around the clock, timing is usually the difference between profit and loss. When are markets the liveliest? When is a commodity futures contract about to expire? And what’s the cost of keeping a position open overnight? All these and more in this lesson on an entirely different kind of day – the trading day!

    • A Word on Long-term Investing

      The main difference between long-term investing and short-term trading is the composition of your portfolio and the timeframes within which you monitor your P/L. Consequently, the difference between ‘long’ and ‘short’ is often merely semantic – where does one draw the line? In keeping with that thesis, let’s look at the (objectively) longest term one can employ: investing for one’s retirement.

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    Financial Analysis (4 lessons)

    • An Introduction to Financial Analysis

      Financial analysis is the art of delving into the fundamental data that makes up an asset’s fundamental data, whether it’s a company’s sectorial environment or a currency’s political machinations. Anything beyond that is sentiment and market forces rocking the boat.

    • About Fundamental Analysis

      Financial analysis is the art of delving into the fundamental data that makes up an asset’s fundamental data, whether it’s a company’s sectorial environment or a currency’s political machinations. Anything beyond that is sentiment and market forces rocking the boat.

    • The Economic Calendar

      So important is timing to the trader that fundamentalists even have their own calendar – it’s a calendar of events and compiling it is a mountain-moving endeavour, since it encompasses all the economic announcements (government & central bank-supplied, as well as polls and studies carried out by major research firms) from all the countries in the world.

    • Analysing Shares

      The equivalent of an economic calendar for shares is the timetable of economic announcements – dividends, shareholder conference calls, and the always lurking quarterly earnings reports. Beyond these, a company’s financials, its personnel makeup and its environment are in the public domain. Make the most of what’s available (and it’s a lot) before investing.

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    Technical Analysis (6 lessons)

    • What is Technical Analysis

      Most traders who gather up the courage to overcome their fear of numbers are surprised at how much easier technical analysis is than fundamental. Although the basic language unit is numbers, not words, it’s easier to apply – simply click on the mouse and hit “OK”!

    • About Support & Resistance

      As with gravity, support and resistance in finance are everywhere – they’re an upshot of market forces: supply and demand, buy and sell, cheap and expensive, cookies and cream. Mastering the market sentiment that gravitates towards either one generates the push and pull of trading success.

    • All about Trends

      The moment the term ‘economy’ graduated from the realm of household management to national wealth management, theorists began speaking of ‘cycles’ – whether these be Marx’s business cycles, Juglar’s economic cycles or Elliot’s market cycles. Dow mentioned markets moving in trends, and those are the topic of this lesson.

    • Wicks & Candlesticks

      Now that we’ve laid down the basis, let’s start looking at how trends and forces are represented in candlestick charts – those multi-layered shapes invented by Japanese rice merchants hundreds of years ago to help them speculate on the bread and butter of Samurai existence.

    • The Connection between Volume & Momentum

      There’s often some confusion about volume and momentum in financial markets. Like in physics, though, the higher the volume, the stronger the momentum. If a mountain weighs tons, you’ll need armies of bulldozers to move it. If everyone thinks a diamond is valuable, it will take an awful lot of persuasion to change everybody’s mind.

    • Evaluating Commitments & Sentiment

      Commitments and sentiments are actually a part of the fundamental trader’s toolbox. However, because, in financial markets, more depends upon the emotions and sentiments of traders than upon an asset’s inherent worth, it’s important to understand the units in which those emotions are measured: how many traders feel a certain way, and to what are they prepared to commit when monetizing those emotions. These are the first fundamental indicators that are making their way into the technician’s world through the newly developing science of sentiment analysis.

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    Technical Tools (4 lessons)

    • An Introduction to Indicators & Oscillators

      Technical indicators do much the same as economic indicators – they show what an asset’s up to… technically! By seeking past patterns in price evolution and extrapolating them on to the present, these indicators have the potential to give an indication of what may be in store in the future.

    • The Moving Average Convergence Divergence Indicator

      Also known as the MACD or Mac-D, this horrendously-named indicator is really quite straightforward – simply subtract one moving average from the other, and then apply a moving average to the result. The product reveals changes in the strength of direction and momentum – an excellent tool to predict trend shifts.

    • Pivoting Through the Pivot Points

      Pivot points are so popular that they exist, not only on the platform but in charts accessible through the web. Providing future targets along with different levels of support and resistance, many pros see them as signals in themselves.

    • The Magic of Fibonacci

      The Fibonacci sequence appears throughout nature and finance. In the words of Ned Beatty’s Arthur Jenson, they are a primal force of nature. This perhaps explains why traders swear by Fibonacci retracements, fans, arcs, extensions and time zones – a fascinating topic at the very least – and one well worth exploring!

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    Advanced Analysis (4 lessons)

    • Chart Patterns

      Now that we know how to find a pattern and extrapolate it into the future, it’s time to start learning about the patterns we’re seeking – their shapes and significance. From the simple flags and all the way to double bottoms – where’s that asset going?

    • Candlestick Patterns

      Candlesticks contain a wealth of information all on their own. Imagine how much more they divulge when grouped into patterns. Learn the complex stories behind the picturesque names.

    • Advanced Fibonacci

      Fibonacci works so well in financial analysis, it would have been a waste to confine it just to the retracements tool. Arcs and fans are just two more tools that help the trader identify the reversals and retracements found along a trend.

    • Elliott Waves & Gartley Patterns

      Perhaps the most fascinating development of the Fibonacci sequence is Ralph Nelson Elliot’s departure into the world of historical cycles and wave theory. A tool for the true trading aficionado – especially after HMGartley simplified the pattern.

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    Advanced Strategies (7 lessons)

    • What is Autotrading?

      From the simplest MQL script to the most complicated hi-frequency protocol, automating the trading process means divorcing the act from human emotions. Is this a good thing? Learn to write an expert advisor and decide for yourself.

    • Investing in Shares

      How do professional investors investigate a company? Where is the research data hidden – especially that which is supposed to be open to all? Learn the difference between revenue and profit, EPS and dividends, plus a whole lot more.

    • The Difference between Scalping & Arbitrage

      With much of today’s hi-frequency trading based on the art of arbitrage, it pays to understand what you’re up against. As for scalping – only if you have your wits about you.

    • How to Hedge Effectively

      When it comes to risk management, hedging is just as important as using a stop-loss, but much more fun. Learn to pick the best instrument to hedge your investments with, and how to implement a counter position.

    • Complex Trading Strategies

      Complex trading strategies usually involve the use of more than one technical indicator. Learn what happens when two distinct messages clash.

    • What are Vanilla Options

      When Thales first took out his famous options on the famous oil presses in the land, little did he realize how complex a tradition he was launching. And yet, options are so basic, so impeccable in their structure that they form the basis for insurance in all its manifestations.

    • Option Strategies

      As we conclude our trading academy, a quick sniff into the amazingly exciting world of vanilla options’ strategies is in order. Master these and you’re ready for the big time!

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